- Introduction ::SomaliaBackground:Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule characterized by the persecution, jailing, and torture of political opponents and dissidents. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. In 2000, the Somalia National Peace Conference (SNPC) held in Djibouti resulted in the formation of an interim government, known as the Transitional National Government (TNG). When the TNG failed to establish adequate security or governing institutions, the Government of Kenya, under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), led a subsequent peace process that concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of a second interim government, known as the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of the Somali Republic. The TFG included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Parliament (TFP). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFP was doubled in size to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former ICU and ARS chairman as president in January 2009. The creation of the TFG was based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlined a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. In 2009, the TFP amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011 and in 2011 Somali principals agreed to institute political transition by August 2012. The transition process ended in September 2012 when clan elders appointed 275 members to a new parliament replacing the TFP and the subsequent election, by parliament, of a new president.Geography ::SomaliaLocation:Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, east of EthiopiaGeographic coordinates:10 00 N, 49 00 EArea:total: 637,657 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 44land: 627,337 sq kmwater: 10,320 sq kmArea - comparative:slightly smaller than TexasLand boundaries:total: 2,340 kmborder countries: Djibouti 58 km, Ethiopia 1,600 km, Kenya 682 kmCoastline:3,025 kmMaritime claims:territorial sea: 200 nmClimate:principally desert; northeast monsoon (December to February), moderate temperatures in north and hot in south; southwest monsoon (May to October), torrid in the north and hot in the south, irregular rainfall, hot and humid periods (tangambili) between monsoonsTerrain:mostly flat to undulating plateau rising to hills in northElevation extremes:lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 mhighest point: Shimbiris 2,416 mNatural resources:uranium and largely unexploited reserves of iron ore, tin, gypsum, bauxite, copper, salt, natural gas, likely oil reservesLand use:arable land: 1.73%permanent crops: 0.05%other: 98.23% (2011)Irrigated land:2,000 sq km (2003)Total renewable water resources:14.7 cu km (2011)Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):total: 3.3 cu km/yr (0%/0%/99%)per capita: 377.6 cu m/yr (2003)Natural hazards:recurring droughts; frequent dust storms over eastern plains in summer; floods during rainy seasonEnvironment - current issues:famine; use of contaminated water contributes to human health problems; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertificationEnvironment - international agreements:party to: Biodiversity, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protectionsigned, but not ratified: none of the selected agreementsGeography - note:strategic location on Horn of Africa along southern approaches to Bab el Mandeb and route through Red Sea and Suez CanalPeople and Society ::SomaliaNationality:noun: Somali(s)adjective: SomaliEthnic groups:Somali 85%, Bantu and other non-Somali 15% (including 30,000 Arabs)Languages:Somali (official), Arabic (official, according to the Transitional Federal Charter), Italian, EnglishReligions:Sunni Muslim (Islam) (official, according to the Transitional Federal Charter)Population:10,251,568 (July 2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 84note: this estimate was derived from an official census taken in 1975 by the Somali Government; population counting in Somalia is complicated by the large number of nomads and by refugee movements in response to famine and clan warfareAge structure:0-14 years: 44.3% (male 2,270,282/female 2,273,506)15-24 years: 18.9% (male 978,197/female 955,253)25-54 years: 31% (male 1,643,803/female 1,538,723)55-64 years: 3.5% (male 165,408/female 188,992)65 years and over: 2.3% (male 93,434/female 143,970) (2013 est.)Dependency ratios:total dependency ratio: 100.1 %youth dependency ratio: 94.4 %elderly dependency ratio: 5.7 %potential support ratio: 17.7 (2013)Median age:total: 17.7 yearsmale: 17.8 yearsfemale: 17.6 years (2013 est.)Population growth rate:1.67% (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 73Birth rate:41.45 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 6Death rate:14.22 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 9Net migration rate:-10.55 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 213Urbanization:urban population: 37.7% of total population (2011)rate of urbanization: 3.79% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)Major urban areas - population:MOGADISHU (capital) 1.353 million (2009)Sex ratio:at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female0-14 years: 1 male(s)/female15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female25-54 years: 1.07 male(s)/female55-64 years: 0.84 male(s)/female65 years and over: 0.66 male(s)/femaletotal population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2013 est.)Maternal mortality rate:1,000 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)country comparison to the world: 3Infant mortality rate:total: 101.91 deaths/1,000 live birthscountry comparison to the world: 3male: 110.74 deaths/1,000 live birthsfemale: 92.82 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)Life expectancy at birth:total population: 51.19 yearscountry comparison to the world: 217male: 49.22 yearsfemale: 53.23 years (2013 est.)Total fertility rate:6.17 children born/woman (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 3Contraceptive prevalence rate:14.6% (2006)Physicians density:0.04 physicians/1,000 population (2006)Drinking water source:improved:urban: 66% of populationrural: 7% of populationtotal: 29% of populationunimproved:urban: 34% of populationrural: 93% of populationtotal: 71% of population (2010 est.)Sanitation facility access:improved:urban: 52% of populationrural: 6% of populationtotal: 23% of populationunimproved:urban: 48% of populationrural: 94% of populationtotal: 77% of population (2010 est.)HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:0.7% (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 61HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:34,000 (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 67HIV/AIDS - deaths:1,600 (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 58Major infectious diseases:degree of risk: very highfood or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fevervectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and Rift Valley feverwater contact disease: schistosomiasisanimal contact disease: rabies (2013)Obesity - adult prevalence rate:4.8% (2008)country comparison to the world: 162Children under the age of 5 years underweight:32.8% (2006)country comparison to the world: 11Education expenditures:NALiteracy:definition: age 15 and over can read and writetotal population: 37.8%male: 49.7%female: 25.8% (2001 est.)School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):total: 3 yearsmale: 3 yearsfemale: 2 years (2007)Child labor - children ages 5-14:total number: 1,148,265percentage: 49 % (2006 est.)Government ::SomaliaCountry name:conventional long form: Federal Republic of Somaliaconventional short form: Somalialocal long form: Jamhuuriyadda Federaalkaa Soomaaliyalocal short form: Soomaaliyaformer: Somali Republic, Somali Democratic RepublicGovernment type:in the process of building a federated parliamentary republicCapital:name: Mogadishugeographic coordinates: 2 04 N, 45 20 Etime difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)Administrative divisions:18 regions (plural - NA, singular - gobolka); Awdal, Bakool, Banaadir, Bari, Bay, Galguduud, Gedo, Hiiraan, Jubbada Dhexe (Middle Jubba), Jubbada Hoose (Lower Jubba), Mudug, Nugaal, Sanaag, Shabeellaha Dhexe (Middle Shabeelle), Shabeellaha Hoose (Lower Shabeelle), Sool, Togdheer, Woqooyi GalbeedIndependence:1 July 1960 (from a merger of British Somaliland that became independent from the UK on 26 June 1960 and Italian Somaliland that became independent from the Italian-administered UN trusteeship on 1 July 1960 to form the Somali Republic)National holiday:Foundation of the Somali Republic, 1 July (1960); note - 26 June (1960) in SomalilandConstitution:Provisional Constitution for the Federal Republic of Somalia, approved by a constitutional assembly 1 August 2012note: the Constitution will become permanent after a referendum before the end of Parliament's first term (date to be determined)Legal system:mixed legal system of civil law, Islamic law, and customary law (referred to as Xeer)International law organization participation:accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; non-party state to the ICCtSuffrage:18 years of age; universalExecutive branch:chief of state: President HASSAN SHEIKH Mahamud (since 10 September 2012)head of government: Prime Minister Abdi Farrah SHIRDON Said (since 6 October 2012)cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president approved by the National Parliament(For more information visit the World Leaders website )elections: president elected by the National Parliament; election last held 10 September 2012election results: HASSAN SHEIKH Mahamud elected president; National Parliament vote - HASSAN SHEIKH Mahamud 190, Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed 79; president chooses the prime minister, who is then elected by National ParliamentLegislative branch:bicameral National Parliament consisting of the House of the People of the Federal Parliament (275 seats, elected by Somali citizens) and the Upper House of the Federal Parliament (54 seats, elected by people of the federal member states)note: the inaugural House of the People in September 2012 was appointed by clan elders; as of January 2013, the Upper House has not been formedJudicial branch:highest court(s): Transitional Supreme Court (consists of the chief justice and 3 judges)note - under the terms of the 2004 Transitional National Charter (TNC), a Supreme Court based in Mogadishu and an Appeal Court were established; yet most regions have reverted to local forms of conflict resolution, either secular, traditional Somali customary law, or sharia Islamic lawjudge selection and term of office: judges appointed by the president upon proposal of the Judicial Service Council, a 9-member judicial and administrative body; judge tenure NAsubordinate courts: Transitional Appeal Court; regional and district courts; sharia (Islamic courts)Political parties and leaders:nonePolitical pressure groups and leaders:other: numerous clan and sub-clan factions exist both in support and in opposition to the transitional governmentInternational organization participation:ACP, AfDB, AFESD, AMF, AU, CAEU (candidate), FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ITSO, ITU, LAS, NAM, OIC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMODiplomatic representation in the US:Somalia does not have an embassy in the US (ceased operations on 8 May 1991); note - the Transitional Federal Government is represented in the US through its Permanent Mission to the UNDiplomatic representation from the US:the US does not have an embassy in Somalia; US interests are represented by the US Special Representative for Somalia, James C. Swan operating out of the US Embassy in Nairobi, Kenya at United Nations Avenue, Nairobi; mailing address: Unit 64100, Nairobi; APO AE 09831; telephone:  (20) 363-6000; FAX  (20) 363-6157Flag description:light blue with a large white five-pointed star in the center; the blue field was originally influenced by the flag of the UN, but today is said to denote the sky and the neighboring Indian Ocean; the five points of the star represent the five regions in the horn of Africa that are inhabited by Somali people: the former British Somaliland and Italian Somaliland (which together make up Somalia), Djibouti, Ogaden (Ethiopia), and the North East Province (Kenya)National symbol(s):leopardNational anthem:name: ""Soomaaliyeey toosoo"" (Somalia Wake Up)lyrics/music: Ali Mire AWALE and Yuusuf Xaaji Aadan Cilmi QABILLEnote: adopted 2000; written in 1947, the lyrics speak of creating unity and an end to fightingGovernment - note:regional and local governing bodies continue to exist and control various areas of the country, including the self-declared Republic of Somaliland in northwestern Somalia and the semi-autonomous State of Puntland in northeastern SomaliaEconomy ::SomaliaEconomy - overview:Despite the lack of effective national governance, Somalia has maintained a healthy informal economy, largely based on livestock, remittance/money transfer companies, and telecommunications. Agriculture is the most important sector with livestock normally accounting for about 40% of GDP and more than 50% of export earnings. Nomads and semi-pastoralists, who are dependent upon livestock for their livelihood, make up a large portion of the population. Livestock, hides, fish, charcoal, and bananas are Somalia's principal exports, while sugar, sorghum, corn, qat, and machined goods are the principal imports. Somalia's small industrial sector, based on the processing of agricultural products, has largely been looted and the machinery sold as scrap metal. Somalia''s service sector has grown. Telecommunication firms provide wireless services in most major cities and offer the lowest international call rates on the continent. In the absence of a formal banking sector, money transfer/remittance services have sprouted throughout the country, handling up to $1.6 billion in remittances annually. Mogadishu''s main market offers a variety of goods from food to the newest electronic gadgets. Hotels continue to operate and are supported with private-security militias. Somalia''s arrears to the IMF have continued to grow. Somalia''s capital city - Mogadishu - has enjoyed a rebirth following the departure of al-Shabaab in August 2011. Mogadishu has witnessed the development of the city''s first gas stations, supermarkets, and flights between Europe (Istanbul-Mogadishu) since the collapse of central authority in 1991. This economic growth has yet to expand outside of Mogadishu.GDP (purchasing power parity):$5.896 billion (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 165$5.75 billion (2009 est.)$5.607 billion (2008 est.)note: data are in 2010 US dollarsGDP (official exchange rate):$2.372 billion (2010 est.)GDP - real growth rate:2.6% (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 1182.6% (2009 est.)2.6% (2008 est.)GDP - per capita (PPP):$600 (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 225$600 (2009 est.)$600 (2008 est.)note: data are in 2012 US dollarsGDP - composition, by sector of origin:agriculture: 59.3%industry: 7.2%services: 33.5% (2012 est.)Agriculture - products:bananas, sorghum, corn, coconuts, rice, sugarcane, mangoes, sesame seeds, beans; cattle, sheep, goats; fishIndustries:a few light industries, including sugar refining, textiles, wireless communicationIndustrial production growth rate:NA%Labor force:3.447 million (2007)country comparison to the world: 99Labor force - by occupation:agriculture: 71%industry and services: 29% (1975)Unemployment rate:NA%Population below poverty line:NA%Household income or consumption by percentage share:lowest 10%: NA%highest 10%: NA%Budget:revenues: $NAexpenditures: $NAFiscal year:NAInflation rate (consumer prices):NA%note: businesses print their own money, so inflation rates cannot be easily determinedCentral bank discount rate:NA%Commercial bank prime lending rate:NA%Exports:$515.8 million (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 171$594.3 million (2011 est.)Exports - commodities:livestock, bananas, hides, fish, charcoal, scrap metalExports - partners:UAE 50.8%, Yemen 19%, Oman 12.8% (2012)Imports:$1.263 billion (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 176$798 million (2006 est.)Imports - commodities:manufactures, petroleum products, foodstuffs, construction materials, qatImports - partners:Djibouti 27.4%, India 12%, Kenya 7.2%, Pakistan 6.5%, China 6.1%, Egypt 5%, Oman 4.6%, UAE 4.5%, Yemen 4.4% (2012)Debt - external:$3.05 billion (31 December 2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 137$2.942 billion (31 December 2010 est.)Exchange rates:Somali shillings (SOS) per US dollar -1,600 (2012 est.)Energy ::SomaliaElectricity - production:315 million kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 168Electricity - consumption:293 million kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 174Electricity - exports:0 kWh (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 130Electricity - imports:0 kWh (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 133Electricity - installed generating capacity:80,000 kW (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 172Electricity - from fossil fuels:93.8% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 70Electricity - from nuclear fuels:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 177Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:6.3% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 122Electricity - from other renewable sources:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 186Crude oil - production:0 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 188Crude oil - exports:0 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 184Crude oil - imports:1,000 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 83Crude oil - proved reserves:0 bbl (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 187Refined petroleum products - production:3,666 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 110Refined petroleum products - consumption:5,659 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 164Refined petroleum products - exports:1,109 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 106Refined petroleum products - imports:2,905 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 169Natural gas - production:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 190Natural gas - consumption:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 193Natural gas - exports:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 180Natural gas - imports:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 129Natural gas - proved reserves:5.663 billion cu m (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 88Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:897,500 Mt (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 167Communications ::SomaliaTelephones - main lines in use:100,000 (2010)country comparison to the world: 146Telephones - mobile cellular:655,000 (2011)country comparison to the world: 161Telephone system:general assessment: the public telecommunications system was almost completely destroyed or dismantled during the civil war; private companies offer limited local fixed-line service and private wireless companies offer service in most major cities while charging the lowest international rates on the continentdomestic: local cellular telephone systems have been established in Mogadishu and in several other population centers with one company beginning to provide 3G services in late 2012international: country code - 252; Mogadishu is a landing point for the EASSy fiber-optic submarine cable system linking East Africa with Europe and North America (2010)Broadcast media:2 private TV stations rebroadcast Al-Jazeera and CNN; Somaliland has 1 government-operated TV station and Puntland has 1 private TV station; the transitional government operates Radio Mogadishu; 1 SW and roughly 10 private FM radio stations broadcast in Mogadishu; several radio stations operate in central and southern regions; Somaliland has 1 government-operated radio station; Puntland has roughly a half dozen private radio stations; transmissions of at least 2 international broadcasters are available (2007)Internet country code:.soInternet hosts:186 (2012)country comparison to the world: 202Internet users:106,000 (2009)country comparison to the world: 159Transportation ::SomaliaAirports:61 (2013)country comparison to the world: 80Airports - with paved runways:total: 6over 3,047 m: 42,438 to 3,047 m: 11,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2013)Airports - with unpaved runways:total: 55over 3,047 m: 12,438 to 3,047 m: 51,524 to 2,437 m: 20914 to 1,523 m: 23under 914 m:6 (2013)Roadways:total: 22,100 kmcountry comparison to the world: 104paved: 2,608 kmunpaved: 19,492 km (2000)Merchant marine:total: 1country comparison to the world: 148by type: cargo 1 (2008)Ports and terminals:Berbera, KismaayoTransportation - note:despite a dramatic drop in the number of attacks in 2012, the International Maritime Bureau continues to report the territorial and offshore waters in the Gulf of Aden and Indian Ocean as a region of significant risk for piracy and armed robbery against ships accounting for 25% of all attacks in 2012; 75 vessels, including commercial shipping and pleasure craft, were attacked or hijacked both at anchor and while underway compared with 237 in 2011; the number of hijackings off the coast of Somalia was reduced to 14 in 2012, down from 28 in 2011; as of April 2013, 77 vessels and 7 hostages were being held for ransom by Somali pirates; the presence of several naval task forces in the Gulf of Aden and additional anti-piracy measures on the part of ship operators, including the use of on-board armed security teams, have reduced piracy incidents in that body of water; in response Somali-based pirates, using hijacked fishing trawlers as ""mother ships"" to extend their range, shifted operations as far south as the Mozambique Channel, eastward to the vicinity of the Maldives, and northeastward to the Strait of HormuzMilitary ::SomaliaMilitary branches:National Security Force (NSF): Somali Army (2011)Military service age and obligation:18 is the legal minimum age for compulsory and voluntary military service (2012)Manpower available for military service:males age 16-49: 2,260,175females age 16-49: 2,159,293 (2010 est.)Manpower fit for military service:males age 16-49: 1,331,894females age 16-49: 1,357,051 (2010 est.)Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:male: 101,634female: 101,072 (2010 est.)Military expenditures:0.9% of GDP (2005 est.)country comparison to the world: 133Transnational Issues ::SomaliaDisputes - international:Ethiopian forces invaded southern Somalia and routed Islamist Courts from Mogadishu in January 2007; ""Somaliland"" secessionists provide port facilities in Berbera to landlocked Ethiopia and have established commercial ties with other regional states; ""Puntland"" and ""Somaliland"" ""governments"" seek international support in their secessionist aspirations and overlapping border claims; the undemarcated former British administrative line has little meaning as a political separation to rival clans within Ethiopia's Ogaden and southern Somalia's Oromo region; Kenya works hard to prevent the clan and militia fighting in Somalia from spreading south across the border, which has long been open to nomadic pastoralistsRefugees and internally displaced persons:IDPs: 1.1 million (civil war since 1988, clan-based competition for resources; 2011 famine; insecurity because of fighting between al-Shabaab and TFG allied forces) (2012)"
The World Factbook. 2014.
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Somalia — Somalía es un país ubicado en el llamado Cuerno de África, al este del continente africano. * * * (Dālka Sōmālída) ► Península del E de África formada por el extremo oriental de Etiopía y casi todo el territorio de Somalia. (Jamhuuriyadda… … Enciclopedia Universal
Somalia — country named for the indigenous Somali people, whose name is of unknown origin … Etymology dictionary
Somalia — [sō mä′lē ə, səmä′lē ə; sōmäl′yə] country of E Africa, on the Indian Ocean & the Gulf of Aden: formed by the merger of British Somaliland & Italian Somaliland (1960): 246,201 sq mi (637,658 sq km); pop. 9,200,000; cap. Mogadishu Somalian adj., n … English World dictionary
Somalia — Somali Republic Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliya جمهورية الصومال Jumhūriyyat as Sūmāl … Wikipedia
Somalia — Somalian, adj., n. /soh mah lee euh, mahl yeuh/, n. an independent republic on the E coast of Africa, formed from the former British Somaliland and the former Italian Somaliland. 9,940,232; 246,198 sq. mi. (637,653 sq. km). Cap.: Mogadishu.… … Universalium
Somalia — Flagge Wappen Staatsoberhaupt kein Staatoberhaupt Die internationale Gemeinscha … Deutsch Wikipedia
Somalia — Soomaaliya الصومال As Sūmāl Somalia Somalia … Wikipedia Español
Somalia — So|ma|lia; s: Staat in Ostafrika. Dazu: So|ma|li|er, der; s, ; So|ma|li|e|rin, die; , nen; so|ma|lisch <Adj.>. * * * Somalia, … Universal-Lexikon
Somalia — noun a republic in extreme eastern Africa on the Somali peninsula; subject to tribal warfare • Derivationally related forms: ↑Somalian • Members of this Region: ↑al Itihaad al Islamiya, ↑al Itihaad al Islamiya, ↑Islamic Unity, ↑AIAI • … Useful english dictionary
Somalia — geographical name country E Africa bordering on Gulf of Aden & Indian Ocean; formed 1960 by union of British Somaliland & Italian Somaliland capital Mogadishu area 246,154 square miles (637,539 square kilometers), population 8,050,000 • Somalian… … New Collegiate Dictionary